The Solid Waste District operates two landfills in Grand County, Utah. The Moab Landfill is a construction/demolition landfill. The Klondike Landfill is a permitted Class 1 landfill that accepts household trash.
On a national level–60% of the municipal solid waste generated is from non-residential sources–industrial, commercial, institutional and non-profits. Only 40% is generated by residential households.
2020 Fee Structures
2020: Increased biosolids disposal fees to match the municipal solid waste rate ($38/ton) at the Klondike Landfill, split electronic waste recycling rates into residential ($0.30/lb) and commercial ($0.50/lb) generator categories, and increased the price to purchase mulch from the Moab Landfill.
September 2019: Conducted a comprehensive review of existing fee structures at all three operational centers, modified/expanded listed commodities to clarify waste types, recyclable commodities, and expanded electronic/universal recycling commodities accepted at the Community Recycle Center during monthly electronic and universal recycling collection events. Established separate rates for residential and commercial customers at the Moab Landfill.
2017: New fees implemented included commercial charges for recycling corrugated cardboard, all generators are charged for electronic waste at a set rate of $0.30 per pound.
2016: There were no charges for recycling center support for residents or businesses. E-Waste charges for business and institutional (non residential customers) were $0.30 per pound, batteries were $2 per pound. Private citizens were allowed to bring e-waste at no charge, however donations were taken to help offset costs.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
The “Resource Conservation and Recovery Act” (RCRA) was passed in 1976 as an amendment to the “Solid Waste Disposal Act” of 1965 to ensure that solid wastes are managed in an environmentally sound manner.
The current goals for RCRA are:
- To protect human health and the environment from the potential hazards of waste disposal.
- To conserve energy and natural resources.
- To reduce the amount of waste generated.
- To ensure that wastes are managed in an environmentally sound manner.
- Prevent future problems caused by irresponsible waste management.
- Clean up releases of hazardous waste in a timely, flexible, and protective manner.
To achieve these goals, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will rely heavily on three programs:
- The current regulatory framework already in place.
- Collaborative partnerships with stakeholders, such as those developed under the Resource Conservation Challenge.
- The RCRA corrective action program.
There are several components of RCRA:
- The Act–The law that describes the kind of waste management program that Congress wants to establish. The Act also provides the Administrator of EPA with the authority to implement the Act.
- Regulations–The legal mechanism that establishes standards or imposes requirements as mandated by the Act. RCRA regulations are promulgated by EPA, published in the Federal Register, and codified in the CFR.
- Guidance–Documents developed and issued by EPA to provide instructions on how to implement requirements of either the Act or regulations.
- Policy–Statements developed by EPA outlining a position on a topic or giving instructions on how a procedure should be conducted.
RCRA continues to change with amendments to the Statute. HSWA significantly expanded both the scope and detailed requirements of the Act, especially in the context of the land disposal of hazardous wastes.
Municipal solid waste is defined as durable goods (e.g., appliances, tires, batteries), nondurable goods (e.g., newspapers, books, magazines), containers and packaging, food waste, yard trimmings, and miscellaneous organic wastes from residential, commercial, and industrial non-process sources.
Municipal solid waste generation has grown steadily over the past 49 years from 88 million tons per year (2.7 pounds per person per day) in 1960, to 243 million tons per year (4.3 pounds per person per day) in 2009. Recycling has increased from 7% to 33.8% in the same time period.
To address the increasing quantities of MSW, the EPA recommends that communities adopt an “integrated waste management” system containing some or all of the following elements: source reduction, recycling (including composting), waste combustion for energy recovery, and/or disposal by landfilling.